Betta Fish are one of the most common fish in the world. Betta fish are loved because of their vibrant colors, energetic behavior, and beautiful fins. I am sure you must be familiar with this fish breed, but do you know how to care for Betta fish? Well, people think that it’s easy to care for them but the truth is the exact opposite. These fish require a lot of care, but hey, no worries. This article will get you acquainted with everything you need to know about Betta Fish Care.
Betta Fish Facts:
Betta Fish have a lifespan of 3 years
These fish can take up oxygen from the surface of the aquarium or directly from the air, they have a unique labyrinth breathing organ.
They can grow up to 3 inches long.
They don’t get along with other Betta fish, two males will fight to the death if kept together. So it’s best to keep them alone, male and female should only be kept together during the breeding season only for certain time.
When threatened, these fish stick out their gill covers and look bigger by expanding all its fins.
Male Betta Fish’s color becomes more saturated during the breeding season.
How to Care for Betta Fish
Bringing Home a New Fish:
The first step is to choose a healthy fish and keep it in a quarantine tank before introducing it into your fish tank.
Place the fish into a bag and then place it in your tank for 15 minutes so that it becomes used to the tank’s temperature.
Now you are ready to let the Betta fish into the tank. If you have other fish into the tank then keep an eye out for any disputes that might arise. Carefully monitor the fish for 2 to 3 days.
How to care for Betta fish? Well, the first step is maintaining your tank.
It is recommended not to keep a Betta fish in a bowl. The minimum size of the aquarium should be 3-5 gallons. The temperature should be in the range of 74-80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The fish tank should be away from direct sunlight. Use LED lamps for the fish tank because it does not promote algae production. A water filter and a water heater are two essential elements of the tank.
Bettas thrive best at ph 7 so maintain this ph.
Add fine gravel or sand gravel, do not add any sharp object into your fish tank.
Make sure to change 30% of the water every week. Clean the gravels by gravel siphon, algae build-up by algae magnet and the filter medium, every fortnightly.
Betta fish care involves identifying what to feed it. Betta fish natural diet consists of small insects, small organisms and invertebrates. They are true carnivores.
In captivity, Betta fish should be fed fish flakes and pelleted food. Treat them with dry and frozen food too, they love blood worms too.
Be aware not to overfeed these fish. Provide them food that can be finished within 5 minutes and feed them twice a day.
Bettas do not get along with each other, that is why special precautions must be taken when you decide on keeping two or more fish together.
Males are extremely territorial and will fight to the death with other males. Two females and a male can be kept together. Fish that have large flowing fins should never be kept with Betta fish or any other small peace-loving fish too.
Gouramis, Catfish, Bloodfin Tetra, Black Tetra, Poecilia, and Rasboras are the compatible fish that can be kept with Betta fish, but still care must be taken when introducing them to the Betta fish.
To avoid any sort of conflict between the fish it is advised to get a large tank. The smaller the tank, the more chances of disputes.
Common Betta Fish Diseases:
Although having a regular Tank maintenance routine minimizes the chances of your fish getting sick, still Betta fish are not invincible and often fall sick.
The most common infection occurs after a cut from injury from combat or any sharp object in the tank.
The second most common disease is fin rot, it occurs mostly when the tank is not kept clean or by the entry of a bacteria in the fish tank.
Another disease is a digestive disorder that is mostly caused by overfeeding.
Other diseases include white spots and fungal infections.
If you want to know about fish diseases and cure check out our blog.